Policies to increase support and efforts
The soil environmental conditions in China are generally not optimistic. In some areas, the soil pollution is heavy. The soil quality of cultivated land is worrying, and the soil environmental problems in the abandoned areas of the mining industry are prominent. The survey results showed that the national soil gross spot exceeds the standard rate of 16.1%, of which minor, mild, moderate and severe pollution points were 11.2%, 2.3%, 1.5% and 1.1% respectively. Soil pollution threatens food safety, water and air pollution control, and soil pollution problems need to be solved.
In recent years, the state has increasingly attached importance to the protection and treatment of the environment, and has also increased support for soil remediation. According to the “Analysis Report on Market Prospects and Investment Strategic Planning of the Soil Remediation Industry” published by the Industry Research Institute, the scale of the industry for soil remediation is increasing year by year due to the influence of policies such as “Too Ten”. In 2015, the scale of the industry was only 3 billion yuan. In 2016, it grew to 9 billion yuan. It is expected that the scale of the soil remediation industry in 2017 is expected to reach 24 billion yuan, and the market prospect of 100 billion will be expected.
According to forecasts by the Research Industry Research Institute, 100 key projects in the “Thirteenth Five-Year Plan” period will include 10 million mu of arable land for restoration. With a repair cost of 50,000 yuan/mu, the average annual soil remediation market space is expected to reach 100 billion yuan in the next five years. At present, to achieve the objectives and tasks of land rectification, at least 1.7 trillion yuan of funds are needed. The capital gap and technological innovation are the two “pain points” faced by the soil remediation industry.
The "earth ten articles" related preparation unit proposed to extract 10% of land transfer proceeds, "take it from the soil and use it to the soil." It is estimated that if 10% of the land is used for land treatment, the proceeds from land sales will be used for the treatment of soil pollution. With central government and social capital investment, the annual investment will be between 150 billion and 200 billion yuan. Taking into account the gradual tightening of the national land policy, by 2020, it is expected to raise 1.1 trillion to 1.4 trillion yuan, which can effectively alleviate the current plight of a serious shortage of funds for soil pollution prevention and control.
With the participation of geological surveying units, soil remediation technology with geological features is also becoming more mature. According to relevant stakeholders, following the development of the economic society, cooperation in production, learning, and research, and strengthening technological innovation, and upgrading the strength of innovation in soil remediation technology will help promote the transformation and upgrading of the geological exploration unit. The standard system has an important guiding role in the establishment of the contaminated soil remediation technology system in China. It can guide the investigation, assessment, and restoration of contaminated soils and is more detailed at the operational level.
Current soil remediation mainly relies on financial funds to support demonstration projects, as well as payment based on land transfer and real estate development value. Based on the establishment of policy objectives, the profitability model for soil restoration is expected to follow. In the United States, there are precedents for the super fund to solve the profit payment model, and the proceeds from land transfer payments discussed in China recently are used to repair similar Chinese super funds. On the other hand, in order to ensure economic growth, there are also rationalities in implementing soil restoration through the implementation of proactive fiscal policies.