National soil pollution investigation will invest billions of dollars
It has been two months since the "Soil Pollution Prevention and Control Action Plan" (referred to as "Tokuji") was released. What's the concrete implementation situation? In recent days, at the "2016 China Environmental Protection Industry Summit Forum" sponsored by the All-China Federation of Industry and Commerce, participated in Gu Qingbao, director of the Soil Pollution and Control Research Office of the Chinese Research Academy of Environmental Sciences and an expert on the compilation of "Tokuji", revealed that following the issuance of the "Tokujo Ten Commandments," specific implementation details are gradually being carried out. At present, the environmental protection department is compiling specific detailed plans for soil pollution investigation and plans to invest billions of yuan in the detailed investigation of soil pollution in the country.
Gu Qingbao said at the meeting that the results of the national pollution survey conducted in 2016 and 2013 showed that the total national soil pollution rate exceeded the standard rate of 16.1%, and the over-standard rate of farmland sites was 19.4%. Heavy polluting enterprises and surrounding soil exceeding the standard were In 36.3% of the cases, the concentration of solid waste was 21.3% for the concentrated treatment and the soil cadmium exceeded the standard rate was 7%. “The overall situation is not optimistic,” said Gu Qingbao. Although China currently only has soil pollution in some areas, it must take certain measures and measures to curb the trend of deterioration of soil pollution. Otherwise, the deterioration of soil pollution may not be controlled.
To this end, China promulgated the "Soil Pollution Prevention Action Plan" (referred to as "Tokuji Ten") on May 28, and formulated the overall work objectives and main indicators.
Gu Qingbao revealed that the environmental protection department is working on three aspects in the field of soil investigations. First, it conducts detailed soil pollution investigations in the country. Currently, it is working out and promoting a detailed investigation plan for soil pollution. There are roughly a few tens of billions of capital investment. The second is to establish a soil environmental quality monitoring network, set up monitoring points for soil pollution, and establish a soil pollution monitoring network system throughout the country; third is to raise the level of soil informatization and establish a soil information management platform; in terms of laws and regulations, the Ministry of Environmental Protection in 2013 The relevant draft of the Soil Pollution Prevention Law was compiled and it has now been revised to the tenth draft and is expected to enter the National People’s Congress legislation in 2017.
Gu Qingbao said that there are a large number of uncontaminated land parcels in the country, including deserts, saline-alkali lands, etc. These sites need to be protected and pollution is strictly prohibited. At the same time, new pollution is strictly controlled and inventory pollution is gradually reduced. In the future, soil pollution must be included in the environmental impact assessment of construction land. The land must be surveyed before construction of the site, and the soil quality level before land development should be restored after the land is used. “It is forbidden to place polluting enterprises around sensitive sites, including residential land, schools, old-age bases, etc. The heavy-pollution enterprises will be centrally distributed and incorporated into the industrial park to reduce soil pollution.” He said that the environmental protection agencies have already A number of surveys were conducted and found that the soil around the non-regular waste landfills is very serious. In the future, the centralized disposal of domestic garbage and domestic sewage will also be a key area for soil pollution supervision in future life areas.
"Changzhou's poisonous land" incident has exposed the lack of monitoring in the soil remediation project." Qingqing Bao said that in the future, the monitoring of the soil pollution remediation process will be further strengthened. For the implementation of a lifelong responsibility system for the remediation of soil pollution, the relevant documents are being drafted at a later stage. The most important implementation subject of "Tokuji" is local government departments. In 2017, all provinces will implement a target responsibility system. Key enterprises in each province must sign a responsibility statement for soil pollution control objectives.
In terms of the corresponding capital investment, Gu Qingbao stated that the funds for soil pollution remediation and control are still mainly financed by the state. In the future, the former special funds for the prevention and control of heavy metal pollution will be integrated with some of the farmland's soil pollution prevention funds to establish a national level. The special fund for soil pollution prevention and control. Before the end of 2016, the construction of the comprehensive prevention and control area for soil pollution was started in six cities including Taizhou, Zhejiang, Huangshi, Hubei, Changde, Hunan, Shaoguan, Guangdong, Hechi, Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region and Hetong, Guizhou. The investment amount for each predecessor area was several hundred million yuan. The current funding has been allocated.
To open up the service monitoring market, Gu Qingbao said that at present, China is conducting a detailed survey of soil pollution in the country, and it is estimated that it will invest several tens of billions of dollars. This includes a large number of monitoring mission plans to open up national third-party institutions, and the mission of the environmental protection department will mainly focus on the future. It is quality control and supervision of third-party monitoring.